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古玩城2020精品推荐第五期:中华民国三年壹圆银元鉴赏

1912年4月袁世凯出任大总统。北洋政府鉴于当时铸币、纸币十分复杂,流通的中外货币在百种以上,规格不一,流通混乱,折算繁琐,民众积怨,同时也想借助货币改制以解决军费问题,便决定铸发国币。袁世凯为了提高自己的统治地位,趁机把他的头像铸于币面,“袁大头”由此而来。

Yuan Shikai became president in April 1912. In view of the complexity of the coinage and paper money at that time, there were more than 100 kinds of Chinese and foreign currencies in circulation, with different specifications, disorderly circulation, complicated conversion, and people's resentment. At the same time, they also wanted to solve the military expenditure problem by means of currency reform, so they decided to issue national currency. In order to improve his ruling position, Yuan Shikai took the opportunity to cast his head on the coin face, and "yuan Dadou" came from it.

正面镌袁世凯侧面头像及发行年号,背面铸嘉禾纹饰与币值。《国币条例》公布同年先在天津造币厂铸造“袁大头”壹圆银币,后在南京、广东、武昌等造币厂陆续铸造。因袁大头壹圆银币币型划一,成色、重量有严格规定,很快受到了社会认同和接受,在国内金融市场上逐步取代了清朝的龙洋,成为流通领域的主币。

On the obverse side, Yuan Shikai's profile head and issue year number are engraved, and on the back are Jiahe ornaments and currency value. In the same year, yuan Datou was first minted at Tianjin mint, and then successively minted in Nanjing, Guangdong, Wuchang and other mints. Yuan Datou's one yuan silver coin, with uniform type, strict regulations on quality and weight, was quickly recognized and accepted by the society. It gradually replaced the Qing Dynasty's Longyang in the domestic financial market and became the main currency in the circulation field.

“袁大头”在货币收藏界被称为银元之宝,它是中国近千种近代银币中流传最广、影响最大的银元品种,也是近代中国币制变革中的一个重要角色。

"Yuan Datou" is known as the treasure of silver dollar in the field of currency collection. It is the most widely spread and most influential silver coin among nearly 1000 kinds of modern silver coins in China, and also an important role in the reform of modern Chinese currency system.

 

针对近几年来钱币的市场行情,有藏家透露:“相比近两年不断低迷的国内艺术品市场行情,今年钱币显然要活跃很多,各板块精品迭出,精彩依旧,珍稀钱币成交价稳步提高,尤其是明清民国钱币异军突起,因存量稀少受到高端藏家青睐,成为钱币市场一个新的热点。

In view of the market situation of coins in recent years, a collector disclosed: "compared with the domestic art market which has been in a downturn in the past two years, the coins are obviously much more active this year. The exquisite products of various plates appear one after another. The transaction price of rare coins has increased steadily. In particular, the coins of the Ming and Qing Dynasties and the Republic of China have sprung up. They are favored by high-end collectors due to the scarcity of stocks and become a new one in the coin market hotspot.

此枚民国三年“袁大头”壹圆银币,直径:38.97mm 重量:26.82g。钱币正面中间为袁世凯戎装左侧面像,民国3年(1914年)版的上方为“中华民国三年”字样,背面图案是两株交叉的稻穗,中央为“壹圆”字样。该币的外环主要是直齿边,另外,还铸有少量工字边和花齿边。且该枚钱币由专家上手鉴定为真品,但是仍然保存完整,品相较好,正面留有钱庄的戳印更是应正了该枚钱币的真实性。

This one yuan silver coin of "yuan Datou" in the third year of the Republic of China has a diameter of 38.97mm and a weight of 26.82g. On the front and middle of the coin is the left face of Yuan Shikai's military uniform. On the top of the issue of the 3rd year of the Republic of China (1914), the inscription "three years of the Republic of China" is on the top. On the back is two crossed ears of rice, and in the center is "one yuan". The outer ring of the coin is mainly straight tooth edge, in addition, there are a small number of I-shaped edge and flower tooth edge. The coin was identified as genuine by experts, but it is still well preserved with good appearance. The stamp of the bank on the front is more accurate.

 

“袁大头”代表了中国近代的货币文化,反映了我国近代历史、经济、金融的兴衰和沧桑,具有很高的艺术观赏价值和文物价值,也具有一定的保值和升值功能。目前民间留存的“袁大头”数量已经不算太多,而且银属于贵金属,收藏风险较小,非常适合投资和收藏。

"Yuan Datou" represents the currency culture of modern China, reflects the rise and fall of China's modern history, economy and finance, and has high artistic appreciation value and cultural relic value, as well as a certain function of maintaining and appreciating value. At present, the number of "yuan Dadou" preserved by the people is not too much, and silver belongs to precious metal, so it is very suitable for investment and collection.

 

一枚小小的古钱币,蕴藏着丰富的历史元素。如今遗传在世的精品古钱币虽然并不多,但是每枚精品古币价值却是不菲。古钱币的价格是由存世量、艺术价值和历史价值判断的,而且随着市场供需关系的变化而产生不同程度的波动。而袁大头银元因其独有的艺术观赏价值和文物价值,在收藏界备受欢迎。

A small ancient coin contains rich historical elements. Although there are not many high-quality ancient coins inherited in the world, the value of each exquisite ancient coin is not poor. The price of ancient coins is determined by the amount of money in existence, artistic value and historical value, and fluctuates with the change of supply and demand in the market. Yuan Datou silver yuan is very popular in the collection field because of its unique artistic value and cultural relic value.

 

 

 

 

 

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